During Egypt’s three Intermediate Periods, times of chaos and collapse, tomb robbing became rampant. Silence needed to be bought from high officials and fellow villagers. Access had to be secured. The punishment, if caught, was torture and death for robbers and often their families. But balanced against disaster was the promise of unimaginable wealth.
The 19th Century, CE, saw a continuation of tomb robbing. The infamous Abd el Rassou family discovered the Royal Cache in the late 1800’s and was involved in the discovery of King Tut’s tomb.