Labor mobilization at the Karnak Temple Complex in Egypt provides a unique understanding of authority among Egyptian pharaohs as Karnak was aggrandized by various pharaohs over a span of 2,000 years. Periods of monumental building at Karnak are strongly correlated with the variables of warfare and administrative centralization, suggesting that rulers with greater sociopolitical power expressed it through programs at Karnak, and likewise justified their authority, divine rulership, and political and military actions.
Karnak Temple evolved from its humble beginnings in the Middle Kingdom into the largest religious site in the world. Numerous pharaohs expanded, modified and renovated this "home of the god." David Pepper will describe how this fabulous Temple developed over its 2,000 year history, and reveal stories about some of its lesser known components.