Edouard Naville and Francis Llewellyn Griffith are often referred to as the first archaeologists to see the importance and grandeur of the Great Temple at Bubastis and it is their descriptions and findings which continue to draw modern day archaeologists to the site of the once magnificent temple and city.
Join us while we travel through the development of the Egyptian pyramids, from the pit “mastaba” tombs to the gigantic wonders at Giza. We will examine how low flat mud brick tomb structures came to be built of stone and stacked, resulting in the Step Pyramid.
We will take a tour of this small but exquisite 18th Dynasty tomb, with a chance to see all the remaining decorations. Along the way, we will find what is typical about this tomb for its location, date and owner’s status – and we will see what is different.
This talk centers around the stone sarcophagus of a New Kingdom mayor from Herakleopolis found at the turn of the 20th century by Sir Flinders Petrie and Guy Brunton. Stone sarcophagi, while the norm for royalty, are quite rare for officials, especially those who held office in provincial Egypt.
Ancient Egyptian medicine was trial by error in every sense. Several medical treatises have been discovered, but these surviving documents appear to have written during the late Middle to New Kingdom dynasties. However many Egyptologists agree that they are copies made from earlier documents.
According to Egyptologist Peter Dorman, “Senenmut may justifiably be described as one of the most eminent and influential persons of the Eighteenth Dynasty.” Living during the reign of Thutmosis III and Hatshepsut, he achieved high rank with titles including Tutor of the King’s Daughter (that is Hatshepsut’s daughter, Neferure), Overseer of all the Works of the King, and High Steward of Amun.
Robbing tombs in dynastic Egypt was a perilous occupation. Silence needed to be bought from high officials and fellow villagers. Access had to be secured. Breaking into tombs was hard work. Disaster could befall the robbers at any time. The punishment, if caught, was torture and death for robbers and often their families. But balanced against disaster was the promise of unimaginable wealth. Egypt was plagued by tomb robberies throughout her history.
The scarab amulet is the single most abundant artifact to have survived from ancient Egypt, and hundreds of thousands, if not millions, were made throughout the course of Egyptian history. Today, scarabs continue to be found on excavations throughout Egypt and elsewhere with thousands residing in museum collections around the world.
It has been estimated that only one-third of the Ancient Egyptian archaeological sites have been found so far, and new discoveries are being made almost daily. Many of those recent discoveries have been made on the Giza Plateau, in the shadow of the famous pyramids, and at nearby Saqqara and Abu Sir.