The phrase "Egyptian Archaeology" immediately conjures up an image of a hot, dry, dusty landscape possibly with a few pyramids in the distance. While not inaccurate, it is only part of the picture. Most civilizations, ancient and modern, thrive on long-distance trade. And for countries bordering the Mediterranean Sea that means port cities, ships, and shipping have always played an integral part in their prosperity. But it has only been within the last 50 years that archaeologists have turned their attention to the physical remains beneath the waves.