February 2017

Monday, July 20, 2009

It has been estimated that only one-third of the Ancient Egyptian archaeological sites have been found so far, and new discoveries are being made almost daily. Many of those recent discoveries have been made on the Giza Plateau, in the shadow of the famous pyramids, and at nearby Saqqara and Abu Sir. Mahmoud Khodier’s illustrated lecture will discuss the work currently being done at these sites and their importance to our understanding of the history of the fascinating Ancient Egyptian civilization.

Monday, September 21, 2009

The scarab amulet is the single most abundant artifact to have survived from ancient Egypt, and hundreds of thousands, if not millions, were made throughout the course of Egyptian history. Today, scarabs continue to be found on excavations throughout Egypt and elsewhere with thousands residing in museum collections around the world. This fully illustrated lecture will examine these important artifacts by looking at the unique biology and behavior of the scarab beetle and its incorporation into Egyptian symbolism, religion and art as well as at the archaeological value of the many types of scarab produced by the Egyptians.

Monday, October 20, 2014

Ancient Egyptian medicine was trial by error in every sense. Several medical treatises have been discovered, but these surviving documents appear to have written during the late Middle to New Kingdom dynasties. However many Egyptologists agree that they are copies made from earlier documents. The individual formulas/recipes described in these papyri were a result of what worked, or what was perceived to have worked. Sources of ingredients used in pharaonic times were obviously natural and not artificial as they are in today's society. Many of these individual ingredients were effective, but many were not. Since the ancient physicians practiced poly pharmacy it would have been almost impossible for them to make the distinction of what truly was effective and what was not. By the same thought process, religious incantations in conjunction with these formulas, or in some cases used alone, may have been felt to provide some relief to the ill patient. We will discuss these concepts in detail.

Monday, September 15, 2014

According to Egyptologist Peter Dorman, “Senenmut may justifiably be described as one of the most eminent and influential persons of the Eighteenth Dynasty.” Living during the reign of Thutmosis III and Hatshepsut, he achieved high rank with titles including Tutor of the King’s Daughter (that is Hatshepsut’s daughter, Neferure), Overseer of all the Works of the King, and High Steward of Amun. His duties in the administration of the religious estate included being Overseer of the Double Granary, the Fields, the Garden, and Cows of Amun. Both monarchs, but especially Hatshepsut, showered him with gifts of statuary and other signs of their esteem. We will look more closely at the facts that are known about his life and the questions surrounding his death. Many of his statues and structures show deliberate defacement. Was he a casualty of the proscription against Hatshepsut or did she herself decide to punish his presumptions? Many sensational theories about Senenmut have been promulgated over the years, and these continue to appear in books and the spiel of tour guides. However, a comprehensive examination of newer as well as well-known evidence shows many of the suggestions can be discounted. What remains is still a remarkable story.

A Shipwreck, a Scarab, and a Cylinder Seal: A Snapshot of Long Distance Trade in the New Kingdom

In the late 14th century B.C., a ship carrying over 20 tons of cargo sank off the coast of Turkey. But this ancient tragedy has proved to be one of the most exciting archaeological finds of the 20th century! For the Uluburun shipwreck, as it is now known, is that rarest of discoveries, a moment frozen in time. Its contents can be assigned to at least seven different cultures ranging from Greece to Mesopotamia and Syria to Nubia. The shipwreck, the oldest found to date, reveals the tangible evidence of the vibrant Mediterranean trading network only alluded to in the Amarna letters.

The Evolution of Karnak Temple

Karnak Temple evolved from its humble beginnings in the Middle Kingdom into the largest religious site in the world. Numerous pharaohs expanded, modified and renovated this "home of the god." David Pepper will describe how this fabulous Temple developed over its 2,000 year history, and reveal stories about some of its lesser known components.

Tuesday, January 17, 2017

Join us while we travel through the development of the Egyptian pyramids, from the pit “mastaba” tombs to the gigantic wonders at Giza. We will examine how low flat mud brick tomb structures came to be built of stone and stacked, resulting in the Step Pyramid. Mistakes were made in early pyramid design triggering the architects to plan the Bent Pyramid and bringing about the eventual collapse of the Meydum Pyramid. Triumphs were achieved in the Great Pyramid where we will investigate the function of the famous “air shafts”.

Jim Lowdermilk

Jim Lowdermilk is a past-President of the Egyptian Study Society. He currently manages the ESS website and is on the Speaker’s Committee. Jim has his BA and MA in Applied Mathematics. He has published papers in the Ostracon, the Journal of the Egyptian Study Socety, and presented his research to the American Research Center in Egypt as well as the Egyptian Study Society. His interests in Egyptology include the Egyptian calendar, mathematics, pyramids, and astronomy.

Wednesday, February 22, 2017

Edouard Naville and Francis Llewellyn Griffith are often referred to as the first archaeologists to see the importance and grandeur of the Great Temple at Bubastis and it is their descriptions and findings which continue to draw modern day archaeologists to the site of the once magnificent temple and city. So unique was this temple that thanks to the work of Naville and Griffith, several Pharaohs who would have never been identified, had it not been for their association with the Great Temple complex at Bubastis, were able to be for their reigns and contributions to Egyptian history. Throughout this lecture we will follow the excavations of Naville and Griffith at the temple, their conclusions and discoveries, and examine the importance of the temple to the interpretations of the city’s destruction and its recognition in ancient history as one of the most important cultural sites associated with Egypt.

Matthew Prythero

Matthew Prythero is the current Treasurer of the Egyptian Study Society. He has a Bachelor of Arts in History and a Bachelor of Science in Anthropology from the University of Denver after graduating in 2016. Matthew has been interested in Ancient Egyptian history since his primary school days and has studied specifically on the feline worship culture and the city of Bubastis. Matthew currently works for the U.S. Department of State where he continues to pursue his dedication to the preservation of the past through diplomatic and economics means.